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Volume(4) / Issue(6)

Rural Community Development, Education and Agriculture in Pakistan: Challenges and Initiatives

Engr. Imran Arshad

Several obstacles prevent Pakistan's rural populations from advancing and developing, and they face many of them. They have a number of challenges, including a lack of resources, insufficient infrastructure, and few economic prospects. Although access to high-quality education is hampered in rural Pakistan by a lack of resources, gender-based inequality, and cultural hurdles, education is a key component of raising the quality of life there. Rural communities still place a high value on agriculture, but challenges are being created by modern farming techniques and climate change. In spite of these obstacles, numerous programs have been started to give rural people access to economic opportunities, technical training, and education in an effort to fight poverty and enhance quality of life. These programs provide rural Pakistanis hope for a better future while addressing resource depletion and gender inequities.

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Microbial Consortium as an Important Bioproduct for Sustainable Agriculture

Viabhav Kumar Upadhayay

The practicing of sustainable agricultural needs the use of agriculturally important microorganisms due to their wide arrays of functions. Recent developments in the formulation and application of microbial consortia provide promising advances and raises a hope for better crop production. The use of microbial consortia, actually a community of microorganisms working in synergic way, illustrate various benefits in terms of improving plant growth, soil health, and control of plant disease. This article gives an overview of microbial consortia, strategies for developing effective microbial consortium-based formulation, and highlights their advantages over traditional agrochemicals.

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Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)

Mo Naushad and Nivedita Prasad

Making and sustaining agriculture as a lucrative industry while taking into account global population growth, food security, and the depletion of natural resources is a very difficult task. In addition to preserving the health of the land and ecosystem, one present and future issue is to provide food that is free from pollution and high in nutrients. Ecosystem-based Zero Budget Natural agricultural (ZBNF) advises using mechanized agricultural practices along with organic crop rotation, compost and green manure, organic pest management, etc. Based on the material that is currently accessible, this article analyses the value and applicability of ZBNF. Both its advantages and effects are extensive. A description of the ZBNF system, its applicability, and its viability under the agricultural conditions of India has thus been produced. The four main ZBNF components, such as Jivamrit, Achchhadan, Bijamrit, and Vapasa, among others, are said to be highly economical. As well as their description, talks on natural insecticides, ZNBF's main advantages, and its difficulties have been added.

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